Cyprus, which is at least as old as Anatolia, carries traces of many civilizations and cultures and sheds light on the history of civilizations. The question of when people first came to the island of Cyprus is controversial. Some archaeologists argued that the first men in Cyprus lived around the year 7000 BC. Also, experts claim that the first inhabitants of the island had come from Anatolia between the years 4000 – 3500 BC. In addition to these arrivals, the ones from Syria were also added on about the same dates. In the Neolithic era, people living in Cyprus lived in small villages, near the sea, in places suitable for agriculture and on the banks of rivers. These people were doing agriculture, and they were hunting and fishing.
LIGHT ON THE HISTORY
During the Bronze Age, it is understood that new immigrants have come to the island and the population of the island increased. During this period, mining was made in the island, glass objects were produced and trade with neighboring countries was made. During the Late Bronze Age, the island of Cyprus has been found among important trade routes in the eastern Mediterranean and has brought its important cities.
A BRIGHT PERIOD
During the Lusignan period, Cyprus was ruled according to feudal principles like in Europe; The Latin and Catholic Kingdoms have based their security forces on Christian Maronites of Arab origin, whom they brought from Lebanon. The population of Maronites had exceeded 50 thousand, but most of them later returned to Lebanon. During the period of Lusignans art and architecture reached its peak in Cyprus.
THE PARADISE IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN
With its strategic location and untouched beauty, Cyprus is the third largest island of the Mediterranean. Cyprus has always been on the agenda of politicians because of Cyprus politics, it attracts the archeologists because of its historical sites and also biologists, researchers and foreign tourists with its rich vegetation.
The origin of the name “Cyprus” is unknown. Some say that the island gave the name to the copper mine that was found here, and some say that it received this name because of the shape of the ox skin that is hanged after the salting.
A BLEND OF CIVILISATIONS
Cyprus is a bridge between the Near East and Aegean civilizations because of its geographical location. In Cypriot art, the effects of these civilizations have turned into original creativity combined with local traditions. Civilizations active in Cypriot history have left various artworks here. Among these civilizations are Greek, Egyptian, Assyrian, Persian civilizations. Western civilization, which dominates the island during the Middle Ages, also left various works, especially churches, on the island. During the Ottoman period, some of these churches were transformed into mosques and some of them were not touched. In addition, in this period, various mosques, towers, dervish lodges, baths, inns, mansions and monuments were built. With these features, Cyprus is like a blend of civilizations.